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Thursday, 12 June 2014

Bosnia tidak perlu tentera asing bantu mereka dalam perang

Lokasi : Institute of Diplomacy and Foreign Relations (IDFR)

Acara : Syarahan oleh Dr Haris Siladzic, Mantan Perdana Menteri Bosnia & Herzegovina bertajuk
"My Experience with the International Media and the Importance of Truthful and Moderate Approach"

Tarikh : 11/6/2014


Syarahan Dr Haris menyentuh mengenai Konflik Balkan (sila baca) dan kepentingan media dalam menyampaikan maklumat yang benar kepada dunia diluar kawasan konflik. Sebelum perang Balkan yang berlaku sekitar pertengahan 1992 sehingga penghujung 1995, sedikit sangat maklumat yang diperolehi dunia luar mengenai Bosnia, terutamanya masyarakat Islam yang telah bertapak disana lebih daripada 1,000 tahun.  Yang banyak diceritakan ialah mengenai Sarajevo, romantis nya dan juga tragis nya tempat tersebut sebagai tempat pencetus perang dunia pertama

Yang menarik perhatian saya ialah betapa prejudis nya pandangan Presiden Peranchis, Francois Mitterand mengenai masyarakat Islam di Bosnia. Beliau menganggap agama Islam sebagai agama asing dari negara Arab dan amat asing bagi orang Eropah. Beliau lupa bahawa agama Kristian juga berasal dari tanah Arab.  Presiden Amerika, Bill Clinton pula mempunyai pandangan yang lebih terbuka dan ingin mengetahui lebih banyak maklumat mengenai Bosnia.

Pada peringkat awal perang pihak Islam Bosnia tidak dapat mempertahankan diri kerana tidak mempunyai kelengkapan perang. Mereka telah berulang kali merayu kepada kuasa-kuasa besar dunia untuk menarik balik sekatan keatas penghantaran senjata ke Bosnia bagi membolehkan mereka mempertahankan diri. Mereka hanya memerlukan senjata dan tidak perlu bantuan tentera asing untuk mempertahankan diri dari serangan puak Serb. Sila baca Arms Embargo 

Saya difahamkan (dalam forum yang lain) bahawa Malaysia telah memainkan 'pivotal role' dalam mengubah nasib puak islam Bosnia dengan pembekalan senjata 'anti tank' yang sangat sangat diperlukan oleh mereka.


1  Dato' Husin Nayan, Director General of IDFR
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 3  Dr Haris Siladzic, former Prime Minister of Bosnia & Herzogavina
 4  Iraq's Ambassador to Malaysia
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 9  Haris Silajdzic was born in Sarajevo on 1 October 1945.  His academic career encompasses the fields of Arabic-Islamic Studies and the History of Diplomacy.  He holds PhD in American-Albanian relations and has published three books.  Throughout his career Haris Silajdzic has been associated with different centers of learning and think tanks.  He has delivered lectures and speeches at Harvard, Oxford, Cambridge, Tokyo University, Columbia, Maryland and other universities, Chatham House (Royal Institute of International Affairs, London), Carnegie Foundation, Woodrow Wilson Center and other institutions.  HarisSilajdzic also taught at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Sarajevo.  He was also a Professor-at-large at Andrew D White, Cornell University.
 10  He became actively engaged in politics in 1990 following the first free elections in Bosnia.  He served as the Foreign Minister of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina until November 1993 when he became the Prime Minister.  He held the post until February 1996.  He then established the Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina in April 1996.  On 11 December 1996 he was nominated and subsequently appointed as the Co-Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina.  In February 2000 he resigned from the Council of Ministers in the protest of the unconstitutional work of the institution.  In 2006 he was elected as the Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina and served a full term until 2010.
 11  Throughout his career Haris Silajdzic initiated many investment projects in Bosnia-Herzegovina and attracted foreign direct investments (FDI) among which successes are Zenica Metal Steel Plant, Business Towers in Sarajevo, Infrastructure in the town of Mostar and Brcko, Village infrastructure for returnees in Zvornik (North-Eastern Bosnia) and many others. 
HarisSilajdzic was the recipient of Award PremiLiberpress in 2008 in the field of Human Rights at Catalunya, Spain.
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